Nearly everyone has experienced a cramp in their foot, calf muscle or hand. These cramps are muscle spasms – painful, sustained contractions – and can be classified as either exercise-induced cramping or nocturnal (night time) cramping.

What causes muscle cramps?

Nocturnal cramps

  • Muscle tightness
  • Dehydration
  • Poor blood circulation
  • Electrolyte imbalance (low magnesium, potassium, etc.)
  • Pregnancy

Exercise-induced cramps

  • Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance
  • Overuse of muscles
  • Incomplete recovery from a previous cramp
  • Tight and fatigued muscles
  • Pregnancy

How to treat muscle cramps

If you’re suffering from frequent cramps, your first priority should be to find out why you are experiencing cramps – whether they’re caused by over-exercising, dehydration or tight muscles. Our Sydney sports physiotherapists have the experience and knowledge to identify the root cause of your cramps and give you the best treatment solution depending on your circumstances.

Depending on the cause and nature of cramps, your Sports Focus physiotherapy treatment may involve some of the following:

  • Range of motion exercises
  • Stretching of tight muscles
  • Modifying existing workout routine
  • Strengthening weak muscles
  • Increasing water intake
  • Reducing alcohol and/or caffeine intake
  • Improving electrolyte balance

If you get a cramp, the fastest way to treat it is by stretching out the muscle. For instance, if you experience a calf muscle cramp, stretch the muscle by pulling your toes towards your knee. This is a simple solution, but it will help you quickly move out of the position that caused the cramp in the first place.

If you experience frequent cramps, or cramps that are impacting on your quality of life, don’t wait to contact Sports Focus Physiotherapy. Book an appointment with one of our physios in Sydney to ease your situation. Not only can we relieve your cramps, but we can also uncover the cause and help you prevent future cramps. Book your Sports Focus appointment today.